Land, Livelihoods and Health: Marginalization in Globalizing Delhi

  • Sanghmitra S. Acharya
  • Sucharita Sen
  • Milap Punia
  • Sunita Reddy


Historically cities have evolved as an outcome of the process of urban growth; trade and economy; movement of people, industrialization and trade; and administration. Cities first emerged in Syria, Mesopotamia, Egypt and India 5000–6000 years ago long before the growth of modern factory. These cities were, on the one hand centres of religion, political administration and on the other, represented growth centres, stimulated by international trade in spices, gold, cloth and precious goods. The pre-industrialization city was smaller, less densely populated, built within protective walls, and often organized around a central storage and a place of worship. In contrast, the industrial city that began to emerge by the end of eighteenth century, was more dynamic, and had complex social system requiring new means of mass communication. Subsequently, such cities were ridden with a host of social problems such as poverty, pollution, crime (Ong 2011; Smith 2015).


Social Vulnerability Urban Sprawl Medical Tourism Urban Form Land Acquisition 
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Copyright information

© Springer India 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sanghmitra S. Acharya
    • 1
    • 3
  • Sucharita Sen
    • 2
  • Milap Punia
    • 2
  • Sunita Reddy
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre of Social Medicine and Community Health, School of Social SciencesJawaharlal Nehru UniversityNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Centre for the Study of Regional Development, School of Social SciencesJawaharlal Nehru UniversityNew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Indian Institute of Dalit StudiesDelhiIndia

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