Bioformulations for Plant Growth Promotion and Combating Phytopathogens: A Sustainable Approach

  • Jitendra Mishra
  • Naveen Kumar AroraEmail author


The role of microbes in sustainable agriculture has provided new insights to agro-economy, and one of the direct benefits is the lesser reliance on chemical fertilizers and pesticides as the continuous application of these chemicals not only showed detrimental effects on agro-ecosystems but also resulted in health risks to humans and animals. In last few years, the development of microbial bioinoculants for enhancing plant growth and disease eradication has emerged as an alternative, but a broader aspect of their application as formulatory product has remained in infancy especially in developing countries. At the economic and social level also, this green strategy is facing hurdles and lags far behind their competitors, the synthetic fertilizers and pesticides. Most of the times it has been found that bioformulations available for a particular crop do not give good results equivalent to those in the laboratory conditions. Such and related constraints are major challenges of this greener approach. Various workers all over the world are continuously engaged in developing formulation products which could be easier to use, show enhanced activity toward phytopathogens, and may cover more target crops. Whole process of bioformulation development, from screening of microbe to product development and its implementation, need to be reviewed. In this article several aspects of formulation development have been critically discussed, and the main motive is to describe types of bioformulations being used, their efficacy in the field, and reasons which limit their wider application in field.


Solid State Fermentation Carrier Material Microbial Inoculant Wettable Powder Solid Substrate Fermentation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental MicrobiologySchool for Environmental Sciences, Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar UniversityLucknowIndia

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