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Removing Bottlenecks in Fertilizing Salt-Affected Soils for Agricultural Production

  • A. K. Bhardwaj
  • S. Srivastava
  • J. C. Dagar
  • R. K. Yadav
  • D. K. Sharma
Chapter

Abstract

A large extent of salt-affected land in the world provides both challenge and opportunity to bolster food security and sequester carbon after reclamation. Sustainable management of salt-affected soil for productive agriculture is a key to the prosperity of farmers in these areas. It also boosts expensive initiatives to further reclaim severely affected salty lands currently lying barren. Managing fertility of salt-affected lands sustainably requires persistent efforts in maintaining good soil health. Good soil health presents minimum damage to an ecosystem without affecting its services. Maintaining good soil health guarantees flushing of excess salts from soil, proper hydraulic functions of soil profile, and sufficient and timely availability of nutrients for plant growth. These characteristics favor good plant growth and productivity under salt-affected environments. Based on long-term research experiments, a set of six principles to sustainably manage salt-affected soils for agricultural use is proposed here. The principles address the issues encountered in managing fertility in salt-affected areas in general and also hold good in general for crop fertility management. These principles address resource and energy conservation issues, nutrient budgeting, precision application, environmental losses, and economics of soil fertility management for productive agriculture.

Keywords

Soil Organic Matter Soil Quality Inorganic Fertilizer Soil Ecosystem Soil Health 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. K. Bhardwaj
    • 1
  • S. Srivastava
    • 2
  • J. C. Dagar
    • 1
  • R. K. Yadav
    • 1
  • D. K. Sharma
    • 1
  1. 1.ICAR-Central Soil Salinity Research InstituteKarnalIndia
  2. 2.Uttar Pradesh Irrigation DepartmentProject Activity Core Team, Uttar Pradesh Water Sector Restructuring Project-IILucknowIndia

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