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Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Banana

  • Iyyakutty Ravi
  • M. Mayil Vaganan
Chapter

Abstract

The key issues that are to be addressed to sustain agriculture in the twenty-first century are water availability, salinity and extreme temperatures. Bananas are staple food for hundreds of millions of people in Africa, and it is cultivated mostly in tropical and subtropical countries. In India, bananas are grown in the regions of humid tropics, humid subtropics and semiarid tropics, and some banana genotypes can grow up to an elevation of 2000 MSL. Suitable climate for banana growth is warm moist weather without strong winds throughout the year. The major constraints for banana production are largely dominated by biotic and abiotic stresses. Though research on biotic stresses in banana has drawn sufficient attention worldwide, abiotic stresses are not. The successful cultivation of water-loving Cavendish clones, in drought-prone areas with protected irrigation, has provided the sufficient momentum to research on drought in bananas. Banana plants, especially the Cavendish clones, are sensitive to abiotic stresses like soil moisture deficit, salinity, extreme temperatures and strong winds. As bananas are recalcitrant to conventional breeding approaches, clonal selection and tolerant genotype selections from germplasm are the major sources to address the abiotic stresses. In the recent past, a lot of attention has been given to study the basic mechanisms involved in tolerance and management of the abiotic stresses in banana, and these aspects are discussed in this chapter.

Keywords

Abiotic Stress Fruit Development Banana Plant Humid Tropic Ratoon Crop 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ICAR-National Research Center for BananaTrichyIndia

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