Physiological and Morphological Responses of Horticultural Crops to Abiotic Stresses

  • N. K. Srinivasa Rao
  • R. H. Laxman
  • K. S. Shivashankara


The crop-environment interaction in horticultural crops is receiving increased attention in the context of changing climatic conditions. Environmental stresses can cause morpho-anatomical, physiological and biochemical changes in crops, resulting in a strong profit reduction. A clear understanding of environmental factors and their interaction with physiological processes is extremely important for improving horticultural practices. Drought, excess moisture, salinity and heat stress are amongst the most important environmental factors influencing crop growth, development and yield processes. A comprehensive understanding of the impact of these stress factors will be critical in evaluating the impact of climate change and climate variability on horticultural crop production. Environmental stresses influence an array of processes including physiology, growth, development, yield and quality of crop. A clear understanding of environmental factors and their interaction with physiological processes is extremely important for improving horticultural practices. This review presents the most recent findings about the effects of the main abiotic environmental factors (water, temperature, salinity) on whole plant physiology of horticultural crops.


Abiotic Stress Drought Stress Stomatal Conductance Drought Tolerance Adventitious Root 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. K. Srinivasa Rao
    • 1
  • R. H. Laxman
    • 1
  • K. S. Shivashankara
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Plant Physiology and BiochemistryICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural ResearchBengaluruIndia

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