Standard Precautions Against Biohazardous Diseases



  • Needle-stick injuries are to be considered as medical emergencies, and time is of the essence for notification of the same. Assume all patients as biohazardous unless proven otherwise.

  • Implement Standard Precautions, especially wearing protective personal equipment, as mandatory for all.

  • Hand hygiene should be meticulously followed, both as part of Standard Precautions and for the benefit of infection control in patient care areas.

  • Post-exposure prophylaxis is not 100 % effective. Prevention is far better than cure.


Hand Hygiene Personal Protective Equipment Central Venous Catheter Insertion Standard Precaution Surgical Scrub 
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Blood-borne virus(es)


Hepatitis B virus


Hepatitis C virus


Healthcare workers


Human immunodeficiency virus


Needle-stick injuries


Post-exposure prophylaxis


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    Post exposure prophylaxis to prevent HIV infection.
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Copyright information

© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Emergency MedicinePushpagiri Medical College HospitalTiruvallaIndia

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