Advertisement

Submersion and Diving-Related Illnesses

  • Jaybalan Allan Matthew
Chapter

Abstract

  • The underlying pathophysiology of submersion injury is aspiration and laryngospasm, which results in ventilation (V)/perfusion (Q) mismatching and hypoxia.

  • Hypothermia is an associated problem in submersion, and its effects must be considered.

  • Management of the submersion injury patient is usually resuscitative and supportive.

  • Diving-related illness can also be related to toxicities of various gases that the diver is exposed to.

Keywords

Cardiac Dysrhythmia Depressed Level Single Organ Dysfunction Advanced Life Support Intervention Cardiac Ischaemic Pain 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    Richards DB, Knaut AL. Drowning. In: Marx J, Hockberger R, Walls R, editors. Rosen’s emergency medicine: concepts and clinical practice, vol. 2. 7th ed. Philadelphia: Mosby; 2010.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    van Beeck EF, Branche CM, Szpilman D, Modell JH, Bierens JJLM. A new definition of drowning: towards documentation and prevention of a global health problem. Bull World Health Organ. 2005;83(11):853–6.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cushing TA, Hawkins SC, Sempsrott J, Schoene RB. Submersion injuries and drowning. In: Auerbach PS, editor. Wilderness medicine. 6th ed. Philadelphia: Mosby; 2011.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ibsen LM, Koch T. Submersion and asphyxial injury. Crit Care Med. 2002;30(11):S402–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    van Hoesen KB, Bird NH. Diving medicine. In: Auerbach PS, editor. Wilderness medicine. 6th ed. Philadelphia: Mosby; 2011.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kayle A. Safe diving: a medical handbook for scuba divers. 2nd ed. Cape Town: Struik; 2009.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Golding FC, Griffiths P, Hempleman HV, Paton WDM, Walder DN. Decompression sickness during the construction of the Dartford Tunnel. Br J Med. 1960;17:167–80.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Wang T-L. Management of victims with submersion injury. Ann Disaster Med. 2004;2 Suppl 2:S89–96.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    St. C Golden F, Tipton MJ, Scott RC. Immersion, near-drowning and drowning. Br J Anaesth. 1997;79:214–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Mtaweh H, Kochanek PM, Carcillo JA, Bell MJ, Fink EL. Patterns of multiorgan dysfunction after paediatric drowning. Resuscitation. 2015;90:91–6.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Szpilman D, Webber J, Quan L, Bierens J, Morizot-Leite L, Langendorfer SJ, Beerman S, Lofgren B. Creating a drowning chain of survival. Resuscitation. 2014;85:1149–52.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Emergency DepartmentStanger Provincial HospitalDurbanSouth Africa
  2. 2.Department of Emergency Medicine, Nelson R Mandela School of MedicineUniversity of Kwa-Zulu NatalDurbanSouth Africa
  3. 3.Department of Emergency Medical Care and RescueDurban University of TechnologyDurbanSouth Africa

Personalised recommendations