Submersion and Diving-Related Illnesses

  • Jaybalan Allan Matthew


  • The underlying pathophysiology of submersion injury is aspiration and laryngospasm, which results in ventilation (V)/perfusion (Q) mismatching and hypoxia.

  • Hypothermia is an associated problem in submersion, and its effects must be considered.

  • Management of the submersion injury patient is usually resuscitative and supportive.

  • Diving-related illness can also be related to toxicities of various gases that the diver is exposed to.


Cardiac Dysrhythmia Depressed Level Single Organ Dysfunction Advanced Life Support Intervention Cardiac Ischaemic Pain 
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Copyright information

© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Emergency DepartmentStanger Provincial HospitalDurbanSouth Africa
  2. 2.Department of Emergency Medicine, Nelson R Mandela School of MedicineUniversity of Kwa-Zulu NatalDurbanSouth Africa
  3. 3.Department of Emergency Medical Care and RescueDurban University of TechnologyDurbanSouth Africa

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