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Acute Respiratory Failure

  • John Victor Peter
Chapter

Abstract

  • Respiratory failure may be categorised as hypoxemic and hypercapnic respiratory failure.

  • Simple algorithms help to diagnose and understand the causes of respiratory failure.

  • Management goals include treating the underlying problem, improving oxygenation and/or carbon dioxide levels and limiting the deleterious effects of such treatment.

  • Respiratory support can be provided by non-invasive devices or by invasive ventilation.

Keywords

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Respiratory Failure Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Exacerbation Critical Illness Polyneuropathy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Further Reading

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  2. 2.
    British Thoracic Society Standards of Care Committee. Non-invasive ventilation in acute respiratory failure. Thorax. 2002;57:192–211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Fitting JW. Sniff nasal inspiratory pressure: simple or too simple? Eur Resp J. 2006;27:881–3.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Gunning KEJ. Pathophysiology of respiratory failure and indications for respiratory support. Surgery (Oxford). 2003;21:72–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Irwin RS, Cerra FB, Rippe JM. Irwin and Rippe’s intensive care medicine. Sheffield, UK: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 1999.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    John G, Peter JV, Subramani K, Pichamuthu K, Chacko B. Essentials of critical care, vol. I, 8th ed. Division of Critical Care, Christian Medical College, Vellore; 2011.Google Scholar
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    Longo DL, Kasper DL, Jameson JL, Fauci AS, Hauser SL, Loscalzo JL. Harrison’s principles of internal medicine. 18th ed. TX, USA: Mc-Graw Hill Medical; 2011.Google Scholar
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    Roussos C, Koutsoukou A. Respiratory failure. Eur Resp J. 2002;22 Suppl 47:3a–14.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ward JJ. High-flow oxygen administration by nasal cannula for adult and perinatal patients. Respir Care. 2013;58:98–122.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Medical Intensive Care UnitChristian Medical CollegeVelloreIndia

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