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Acid-Base Disorders

  • Kishore Pichamuthu
Chapter

Abstract

Acid-base disorders can either be metabolic (primary change in HCO3) or respiratory (primary change in PaCO2).

Keywords

Metabolic Acidosis Lactic Acidosis Metabolic Alkalosis Respiratory Acidosis Unmeasured Anion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    John G. Essentials of critical care. 8th ed. Christian Medical College: Vellore, India; 2011, 6–1 to 6–29.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bersten A, Soni N. Oh’s intensive care manual. 6th ed. Butterworth Heinemann: Oxford, UK; 2009, p. 949–60.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Balasubramanayan N, Havens PL, Hoffman GM. Unmeasured anions identified by the Fencl-Stewart method predict mortality better than base excess, anion gap, and lactate in patients in the pediatric intensive care unit. Crit Care Med. 1999;27:1577–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Story DA. Strong ions, weak acids and base excess: a simplified Fencl-Stewart approach to acid-base disorders. Br J Anaesth. 2004;92:54–60.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Further Reading

  1. Berend K, et al. Physiological approach to assessment of acid-base disturbances. N Engl J Med. 2014;371:1434–44.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. John G. Essentials of critical care. 8th edition. Christian Medical College: Vellore, India; 2011, 6–1 to 6–29.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Critical CareChristian Medical College HospitalVelloreIndia

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