Physical Processes in the Marine and Estuarine Ecosystems

  • Abhijit Mitra
  • Sufia Zaman


The major physical processes that configure the coastal zone, estuarine mudflats and shorelines of islands are waves, tides and currents. These processes may be broadly divided into destructive and constructive processes. The destructive processes include shoreline weathering, coastal erosion, etc., and the constructive processes encompass accretion or deposition of the sediment. The coastal zone is constantly exposed to waves, currents and tides of varying degree and types. Each of these processes is discussed in brief.


Wave Height Tidal Wave Warm Current Capillary Wave Diurnal Tide 
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Supplementary material


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Copyright information

© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abhijit Mitra
    • 1
  • Sufia Zaman
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Marine ScienceUniversity of CalcuttaKolkataIndia
  2. 2.Department of OceanographyTechno India UniversityKolkataIndia

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