Prospects for Development of Biomedicines from the Medicinal Plants of Northeastern India

  • Nongalleima Khumukcham
  • Dipak Biswas
  • Nameirakpam Surjit Singh
  • Lokesh Deb


Northeastern India has a great range of ecological habitats due to its edaphic, climatic and altitudinal variations, which made it the geographical “gateway” for much of India’s flora and fauna. Therefore, the region, being one of the richest areas of India in terms of biological values, has been in the spotlight for its high biodiversity and traditional knowledge and has been a priority for leading conservation agencies of the world. Ethnomedicobotany is one of the tools that help to deal with the direct relationship of plants and man to prevent and cure ailments. The indigenous medicinal plants grown in Northeastern India are useful folk medicines for the people of this region. In the present chapter, 320 medicinal plants have been listed which includes their traditional use, local name, region and parts used. These cover important medicinal plants used for traditional healthcare practices in the region and are also components of the available commercial herbal products. The World Health Organization (WHO) Collaborating Centres for Traditional Medicine reported that a total of 122 compounds identified in their survey were derived from only 94 plant species and 80 % of those plants were used for the same or related ethnomedical purposes. This provides an array of information about the rich indigenous knowledge on traditional medicine and the medicinal potential of the varied plants used by the local healers. This would prove to be an important resource for discovery of many bioactive principles. A comprehensive approach using systems biology could be the suitable way to prove the efficacy and to obtain information that might lead to the understanding of the mode of action.


Medicinal Plant Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Ellagic Acid Betulinic Acid Iridoid Glycoside 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nongalleima Khumukcham
    • 1
  • Dipak Biswas
    • 1
  • Nameirakpam Surjit Singh
    • 1
  • Lokesh Deb
    • 1
  1. 1.Pharmacology LaboratoryInstitute of Bioresources and Sustainable Development, A National Institute of Department of Biotechnology, Government of IndiaImphalIndia

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