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Extraction, Purification and Characterisation of Insecticidal Compounds from Plants

  • Shaswat Barua
  • Reji Gopalakrishnan
  • Vijay Veer
Chapter

Abstract

In recent times, a global concern has been raised against the utility of synthetic insecticides in households and fields. Many of such synthetic insecticides were banned in due course of time because of their toxicity to the nontarget flora and fauna. In the quest of developing sustainable and environment-friendly commercial products, different plant components have been studied extensively. Although there are many reports on the insecticidal potential of plant-based compounds, very few reports describe the actual active component responsible for such efficacy. Lack of adequate information on the bioactive compounds creates major challenges for the commercialisation of plant-derived products for pest control. The chapter describes the different classes of plant-derived insecticidal compounds such as alkaloids, flavonoids and terpenoids. The qualitative and quantitative studies of plant compounds need vast expertise in isolation and characterisation methods. The development of chromatographic and spectrometric tools eased the extraction of plant active components. The different techniques involved in the extraction, purification and characterisation of insecticidal compounds extracted from plants along with some salient examples available in the literature are discussed. This chapter may be helpful to construct a bridge between the biologists and chemists to work together in collaboration for elucidating the actual structure and activity of plant-based compounds, which have very significant insecticidal property.

Keywords

Pulse Electric Field Supercritical Fluid Extraction Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Methyl Chavicol Insecticidal Compound 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Defence Research Laboratory (Defence Research and Development Organisation)TezpurIndia

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