Basic Hemodynamic and Cardiac Monitoring in Obstetrics
The cardiovascular system undergoes a series of changes during pregnancy, puerperium, and labor. These changes are beneficial for the mother and the fetus and ensure optimum fetal growth and development as well as protect the mother during the normal bleeding in the postpartum period. An understanding of these changes is imperative as the physiologic and anatomic adaptations to pregnancy influence the interpretation and evaluation of the pregnant woman’s cardiac evaluation and hemodynamic monitoring.
KeywordsMean Arterial Pressure Inferior Vena Cava Central Venous Pressure Postpartum Period Fluid Responsiveness
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