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Amniotic Fluid Embolism and Pulmonary Embolism

  • Nidhi Patel
  • Ajesh Desai
Chapter

Abstract

Amniotic fluid embolism is a rare but potentially catastrophic condition. It occurs in response to amniotic fluid containing vernix and other solids entering the maternal circulation. Majority of the amniotic fluid occurs during labor. Maternal mortality and morbidity is high. It is the second most common cause of maternal death in developed countries. The commonest presentation of this condition is hypotension, respiratory distress, and coagulation failure. Most of the pregnant women will have cardiopulmonary arrest within first few minutes. Essential steps in the management include maintenance of oxygen, correction of hypotension, and treatment of coagulation failure.

Keywords

Pulmonary Embolism Amniotic Fluid Unfractionated Heparin Uterine Artery Embolization Maternal Circulation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

ABG

Arterial blood gas analysis

AFE

Amniotic fluid embolism

ARDS

Adult respiratory distress syndrome

CBC

Complete blood count

CTPA

Cardiothoracic pulmonary angiography

CXR

Chest X-ray

DIC

Disseminated intravascular coagulation

FFP

Fresh frozen plasma

HDU

High dependency unit

PE

Pulmonary embolism

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Copyright information

© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Obstetrics & Gynaecology DepartmentGMERS Medical CollegeAhmedabadIndia

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