Acute Renal Failure (Acute Kidney Injury) in Pregnancy

  • Gita Arjun
  • M. Sivalingam


Acute renal failure (ARF or acute kidney injury [AKI]) in pregnancy is characterized by a rapid decrease in the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) over a matter of minutes or days. It may result from many of the same causes that occur in nonpregnant women. However, there are specific conditions in pregnancy that may precipitate ARF [1]. Understanding the causes of renal functional deterioration in pregnancy is important in arriving at a rational differential diagnosis and initiating appropriate treatment. In pregnancy, development of ARF is a major clinical challenge because it affects both mother and fetus. Management options, therefore, need to take both maternal and fetal well-being into consideration. Prevention, early recognition, and appropriate therapeutic decisions are imperative in improving maternal and perinatal outcomes. ARF in pregnancy is a complex entity, requiring a multidisciplinary approach with the nephrologist playing an important role.


Acute Renal Failure Renal Replacement Therapy Acute Kidney Injury Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Obstetrics and GynaecologyE V Kalyani Medical FoundationChennaiIndia
  2. 2.Department of MedicineSundaram Medical Foundation, Dr. Rangarajan Memorial HospitalChennaiIndia

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