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Drug-Induced Serious Maternal and Fetal Complications in Pregnancy

  • Rajendrasing Pardeshi
  • Ajay Mane
Chapter

Abstract

Considering drug therapy for pregnant women, it is certain that almost all chemical compounds in use as therapeutic agents pass from the maternal to the fetal circulation through the placenta. These drugs can have a wide range of harmful effects on the fetus and neonate. The effects of some of the substances for which we have data reflecting a deleterious effect are listed.

It is now generally accepted that the developing fetus may be adversely affected by exposure to drugs and environmental chemicals. It is suggested that, in the future, more caution be exercised in using drugs during pregnancy and that any therapy given to the mother during gestation be recorded in detail in both obstetric and pediatric histories.

It is possible that the mother may not have a serious or long-lasting problem after using drugs. But the same is not always true for a fetus. Drug-using mothers often give birth to "drug babies," who go on to have a whole host of developmental problems.

Traditionally, the teratogenic effects of drugs have been noted as anatomical malformations. It is clear that these are related to dose and time and that the fetus is at a greater risk during the first 3 months of gestation. The purpose of this study is to raise the concept of a little known, but potentially serious, health hazard in children and adults. This refers to the ability of perinatally consumed drugs and food additives and nonprescription alternative agents to produce subtle biochemical defects that are undetectable or unrecognized in the neonate but that are expressed years, even decades, after birth.

Keywords

Valproic Acid Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Infant Death Social Anxiety Disorder Trigeminal Neuralgia 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Further Reading

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    Patel DA, Patel AR. Clorazepate & congenital malformations. JAMA. 1980;244(2):135–6.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Yaffe SJ. Drugs in pregnancy & lactation. London, UK: Elsevier; 2005.Google Scholar
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    Shepard TH. Catalog of teratologic agents. 6th ed. The Johns Hopkins University Press. Philaldelphia, USA: Lippincott Wilinams Wilkins 1989. ISBN 0: 0801838363 / ISBN 13: 9780801838361Google Scholar
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    Game E, Bergman U. Benzodiazepine use in pregnancy and major malformations or oral clefts. BMJ. 1999;319:918.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
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    Product information: Prozac. Dista Products; 2000. NDC Code(s): 0777-3104-02, 0777-3105-02, 0777-3105-07, 0777-3105-30Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Organisation of teratology information specialists. http://www.teratology.org/
  7. 7.
    Shuey DL, Sadler TW, Lauder JM. Serotonin as a regulator of craniofacial morphogenesis. Teratology. 1992;46:367–78.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Somers GF. Thalidomide and congenital abnormalities. Proc R Soc Med. 1965;58:491–2; Lancet 1962;1:912–3.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Food & Drug Committee, FOGSI, Jijai Maternity & Nursing Home, 2-Chaitanya Co-op hsg SocietyGarkheda, AurangabadIndia
  2. 2.Sexual Medicine Committee, FOGSI, “Yashwant”AurangabadIndia

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