Mealybugs are injurious to cashew plantations in India, West Africa, Tanzania, Thailand, etc. (Table 60.1).


Natural Enemy Sooty Mold Cashew Tree Neem Seed Kernel Extract Cashew Plant 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Abdul Rahiman P, Vijayalakshmi CK, Reddy AGS (1995) Occurrence and distribution of mealy bug in coffee. Kisan World 22(11):39–40Google Scholar
  2. Ambethgar V, Lakshmanan V, Naina Mohammed SE (2000) Managing mealybugs in cashew. Science and Technology, The Hindu, February 24, 2000Google Scholar
  3. Ambethgar V (2002a) Record of entomopathogenic fungi from Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry. J Entomol Res 26(2):1–7Google Scholar
  4. Ambethgar V (2002b) Insect visitors of cashew in North-Eastern Zone of Tamil Nadu. Progress Hortic 34(2):223–229Google Scholar
  5. Ambethgar V, Bhat PS (2008) Entomogenous fungi associated with insect pests in cashew orchards of Tamil Nadu. In: Mason PG, Gillespie DR, Vincent C (eds) Proceedings of ISBCA 3, USDA-Forest Service, pp 562–563Google Scholar
  6. Ambethgar V (2011) Field evaluation of some insecticides against white-tailed mealybug, Ferrisia virgata (Cockerell) infesting cashew. In: Souvenir and abstract of the international symposium on Cashew, 09–12 December 2011, Madurai, India, pp 131–132Google Scholar
  7. Ben-Dov Y (1994) A systematic catalogue of the mealybugs of the world (Insecta: Homoptera: Coccoidea: Pseudococcidae and Putoidae) with data on geographical distribution, host plants, biology and economic importance. Intercept Limited, Andover, 686 pGoogle Scholar
  8. Bentley BL (1977) The protective function of ants visiting the extrafloral nectaries of Bixa orellana L. (Bixaceae). J Ecol 65:27–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chellappan M, Lawrence L, Indhu P, Cherian T, Anitha S, Jimcymaria T (2013) Host range and distribution pattern of papaya mealy bug, Paracoccus marginatus Williams and Granara de Willink (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) on selected Euphorbiaceae hosts in Kerala. J Trop Agric 51(1–2):51–59Google Scholar
  10. De Lotto G (1964) Observations on African mealy bugs (Hemiptera: Coccoidea). Bull Brit Mus Nat Hist Entomol 14:343–397Google Scholar
  11. Godse SK, Bhole SR, Munj AY, Gurav SS (2003) Chemical control of mealybugs (Ferrisia virgata Cockerell). Cashew 17(2):15–17Google Scholar
  12. Lad SK, Patil PD, Godase SK (2013) Record of mealy bugs infesting fruit crops in in Konkan Region of Maharashtra. J Appl Zool Res 24(2):141–145Google Scholar
  13. Mahapatro GK (2008) Helopeltis management by chemicals in cashew: A critical concern. Indian J Entomol 70(4):293–308Google Scholar
  14. Mani M, Krishnamoorthy A, Singh SP (1990) The impact of the predator, Cryptolaemus montrouzieri Mulsant, on pesticide-resistant populations of the striped mealybug, (Ckll.) on guava in India. Insect Sci Appl 11(2):167–170Google Scholar
  15. Maniania NK (2011) Integrated management of major insect pests and diseases of cashew in East and Western Africa. Factsheet-BAF Advisory Service on Agricultural Research for Development, Gotingen, Germany, pp 1–2Google Scholar
  16. Maruthadurai R, Desai AR, Chidananda Prabhu HR, Singh NP (2012) Insect pests of cashew and their management. Technical Bulletin 28/2012, ICAR Research Complex for Goa, India, 16 pGoogle Scholar
  17. Rai PS (1984) Hand book on cashew pests. Researchco Publication, New Delhi, 124pGoogle Scholar
  18. Rickson FR, Rickson MM (1998) The cashew nut, Anacardium occidentale (Anacardiaceae), and its perennial association with ants: extrafloral nectary location and the potential for ant defense. Am J Bot 85(6):835–849CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Strickland AH (1947) Coccids attacking cacao (Fheobroma cacao L.), in West Africa, with descriptions offive new species. Bull Entomol Res 38:497–523CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Sunitha ND, Jagginavar SB, Biradar AP (2009) Bioefficacy botanicals and newer insecticides against grape vine mealybug, Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Green). Karnataka J Agric Sci 22:710–711Google Scholar
  21. Topper CP (2002) Issues and constraints related to the development of cashew nuts from five selected African countries. International Trade Centre (ITC)-Common Fund for Commodities (CFC), Reunion Regionale sur le Developpement des Exportations de noix de Cajou d’ Afrique, Cotonou, Bénin, pp 1–24Google Scholar
  22. Venette RC, Davis EE (2004) Mini risk assessment: passionvine mealybug, Planococcus minor (Maskell) (Pseudococcidae: Hemiptera). Department of Entomology, University of Minnesota, St.Paul, USA, pp 1–30Google Scholar
  23. Williams DJ (1996) A synoptic account of the mealybug genus Ferrisia (Hem., Pseudococcidae). Entomol Month Mag 132:1–10Google Scholar
  24. Williams DJ (2004) Mealybugs of southern Asia. The Natural History Museum/Southdene SDN. BHD, London/Kuala Lumpur, 896 pGoogle Scholar
  25. Williams DJ, Matile-Ferrero D (2005) Mealybugs from Zanzibar and Pemba islands with a discussion of a potential invasive species (Hemiptera, Pseudococcidae). (Summary In French). Revue Franyaise d’Entomol 27(4):145–152Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Regional Research StationVridhachalamIndia

Personalised recommendations