Fruit Crops: Pineapple



Pineapple plants worldwide are infested with mealybugs feeding on the plant sap. Pineapple mealybugs are secretive in habit and usually inhabit the base of their host plants such as the lower portions of stems and the butts of pineapple plants. Basal portion of the planting material needed double prophylactic measures (phorate 10 G and neem cake ground application at 100 and 180 days after planting respectively), and three times manual weeding helps to protect from mealybug infestation . Elimination of tending ants from pineapple fields with the ant bait has led to improved mealybug suppression by their natural enemies. In a sense, the pineapple industry already uses biological control to manage wilt disease transmitted by mealybugs. When ants are controlled through chemical means, mealybug populations are regulated by the myriad of natural enemies found in pineapple fields. However, parasites became established but did not provide adequate control of mealybugs particularly in the presence of ants.


Natural Enemy Methyl Parathion Augmentative Biological Control Pineapple Fruit Water Storage Tissue 
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Copyright information

© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Indian Institute of Horticultural ResearchBangaloreIndia

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