• S. K. Singh
  • S. D. Mohapatra
  • P. Duraimurugan


Mealybugs are found to infest pigeon pea (redgram) Cajanus cajan in India, Trinidad, Africa and Ghana. Coccidohystrix insolita found causing damage to pigeon pea in Gujarat and Tamil Nadu, in India. The affected leaflets turn yellow and drop off. The plant becomes stunted initially.

Severe incidence causes wilting and drying of plants. Maconellicoccus hirstutus has been reported to cause 15 % plant infestation on pigeonpea in Gujarat, India, Paracoccus marginatus was reported to cause 25 % damage to pigeon pea in Tamil Nadu. In Haryana, nymphs and adults of the mealybug Ferrisia virgata were found mainly on the inflorescences causing withering and dropping of flowers. In Bangalore, India, Dysmicoccus brevipes was found infesting the root nodules of red gram in southern India. More than 95 % reduction in field population of C. insolita was observed with the applications of lambda cyhalothrin, dichlorvos and profenophos in Tamil Nadu. There are many parasitic wasps and various predatory insects that feed on mealybugs. Cryptolaemus montrouzieri can be used to control the mealybugs in general. Host specific parasitoid Acerophagus papayae Noyes and Schauff for P.marginatus can be used to control the Pa. marginatus.


Methyl Parathion Parasitic Wasp Lambda Cyhalothrin Cicer Arietinum Vigna Unguiculata 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Atwal AS (1976) Agricultural pests of India and South-East Asia. Pests of pulse crops. Kalyani Publisher, Ludhiana, 175 pGoogle Scholar
  2. Ben-Dov Y (1994) A systematic catalogue of the mealybugs of the world (Insecta: Homoptera: Coccoidea: Pseudococcidae and Putoidae) with data on geographical distribution, host plants, biology and economic importance. Intercept Limited, Andover, 686 pGoogle Scholar
  3. Bhatnagar VS, Jadhav DP, Pawar CS (1984) Parasitoids of pigeonpea mealybug, Ceroplastades cajani Mask. Int Pigeonpea Newslett 3:45Google Scholar
  4. Borad PK, Bhalani PA (1997) Bionomics of mealybug, Coccidohystrix insolita (Green) on pigeonpea. Gujarat Agric Univ Res J 22(2):57–62Google Scholar
  5. Cham D, Davis DLH, Obeng O, Owusu E (2011) Host range of the newly invasive mealybug species Paracocccus marginatus Williams and Granara De Willink (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) in two ecological zones of Ghana. Res Zool 1(1):1–7Google Scholar
  6. David BV, Ananthakrishnan TN (2004) General and applied entomology. Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing, New Delhi, 1184 pGoogle Scholar
  7. Durairaj C, Ganapathy N (2000) Evaluation of certain synthetic insecticides for the control of pigeonpea mealybug, Coccidohystrix insolites (G.). Pestology 14:44–46Google Scholar
  8. Francis MA, Kairo WTK, Roda AL, Oscar E, Liburd OE, Polar P (2012) The passionvine mealybug, Planococcus minor (Maskell) (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae), and its natural enemies in the cocoa agroecosystem in Trinidad. Biol Control 60:290–296CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Galanihe LD, Jayasundera MUP, Vithana A, Asselaarachchi N, Watson GW (2010) Occurrence, distribution and control of papaya mealybug, Paracoccus marginatus (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae), an invasive alien pest in Sri Lanka. Trop Agric Res Ext 13(3):81–86Google Scholar
  10. Ganapathy N, Durairaj C, Jehangir KS (1994) Outbreak of the coccid pests in Tamil Nadu. Int Chick Pigeonpea Newslett 1:37Google Scholar
  11. Gautam RD, Saxena HP (1986) New record of white tailed mealybug, Ferrisia virgata (Cockerell). (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) on pigeonpea. Int Pigeonpea Newslett 5:39–40Google Scholar
  12. Kooner BS (2006) Insect pests and their management. In: Advances in Mungbean and Urdbean. Indian Institute of Pulses Research, Kanpur, pp 335–401Google Scholar
  13. Mathew MP, Abraham CT, Smitha MS, Soumya KC (2011) Weeds as hosts of root mealybugs, Geococcus spp. Insect Environ 17(1):34–35Google Scholar
  14. Mukhopadhyay AK, Mukherjee G (2005) Biology of the mealybug, Planococcus cajani Mukherjee & Mukhopadhyay (Pseudococcidae: Homoptera). Uttar Pradesh J Zool 25(2):195–198Google Scholar
  15. Muniappan R, Meyerdirk DE, Sengebau FM, Berringer DD, Reddy GVP (2006) Classical biological control of the papaya mealybug, Paracoccus marginatus (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) in the Republic of Palau. Fla Entomol 89:212–217CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Nair MRGK (1975) Insect and mites of crops in India. Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, 405 pGoogle Scholar
  17. Patel IS, Jose VT, Shah AH, Patel UG (1989) Laboratory evaluation of some newer insecticides against mealy bug, Coccidohystrix insolita G. of pigeonpea. Pestology 13(4):13–14Google Scholar
  18. Patel IS, Dodia DA, Patel SN (1990) First record of Maconellicoccus hirsutus as a pest of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan). Indian J Agric Sci 60:645Google Scholar
  19. Patil GM, Shah AH, Patil MV, Patil CB (1985) First record of Coccidohystrix insolita (Green) as a pest of pigeonpea in South Gujarat. Gujarat Agric Univ Res J 11:61Google Scholar
  20. Persad A, Khan A (2006) Attractiveness of hibiscus mealybug to different plant species. Insect Environ 11(4):175–176Google Scholar
  21. Rai AB, Patel KG, Jhala RC, Patel CB (1988) Chemical control of mealybug, Coccidohystrix insolita (Green) (Pseudococcidae: Homoptera) infesting pigeonpea in South Gujarat. Gujarat Agric Univ Res J 14:39Google Scholar
  22. Rajadurai S, Thyagarajan V (2003) Mulberry sap sucking pests. Indian Silk 42(4):5–8Google Scholar
  23. Rajagopal D, Siddaramegowda TK, Rajagopal BK (1982) Incidence of pineapple mealybug, Dysmicoccus brevipes (Cockerell) on rhizobium nodules of redgram and groundnut. J Soil Biol Ecol 2(2):97–98Google Scholar
  24. Ronald A, Mach TH, Fukad A, Conant P (2007) Papaya Mealybug Paracoccus marginatus Williams and Granara de Willink (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae). New Pest Advisory. Accessed 2014
  25. Shaw SS, Veda OP, Badaya AK, Parsi SK (1999) An outbreak of mealybug Ceroplastodes cajani (Maskell) in the Nimar region of Madhya Pradesh, India. Int Chick Newslett 6:45–46Google Scholar
  26. Shylesha AN, Rabindra RJ, Bhumannavar BS (2011) The papaya mealybug Paracoccus marginatus (Coccoidea:Pseudococcidae). In: Proceedings of the National consultation meeting on strategies for deployment and impact of the imported parasitoids of papaya mealybug classical biological control of papaya mealybug (Paracoccus marginatus) in India, Bangalore, pp 1–8Google Scholar
  27. Singh SK (2004) New record of mealybug Ceroplastodes cajani from Kanpur. Insect Environ 10:21Google Scholar
  28. Tanwar RK, Jeyakumar P, Monga D (2007) Mealybugs and their management, Technical bulletin no. 19. National Centre for Integrated Pest Management, New Delhi, 110012, 16pGoogle Scholar
  29. Walker A, Hoy M, Meyerdirk DE (2003) Papaya mealybug. University of Florida Featured Creatures. Accessed 2014
  30. Williams DJ (2004) Mealybugs of southern Asia. The Natural History Museum/Southdene SDN. BHD, London/Kuala Lumpur, 896 pGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. K. Singh
    • 1
  • S. D. Mohapatra
    • 1
  • P. Duraimurugan
    • 1
  1. 1.Indian Institute of Pulses ResearchKanpurIndia

Personalised recommendations