Insecticide Resistance and Its Management in Mealybugs

  • T. Venkatesan
  • S. K. Jalali
  • S. L. Ramya
  • M. Prathibha


Documentation of insecticide resistance in mealybugs across the globe is very scanty. In New Zealand, mealybugs were found to develop resistance due to extensive and regular use of insecticides. The obscure mealybug Pseudococcus viburni (Signoret) was reportedly resistant to DDT, parathion –methyl and chlorpyrifos. Planococcus ficus Sign. has the innate ability to develop resistance to insecticides. Parathion was extensively used to control Pseudococcus maritimus (Ehrh.) in USA resulting in the development of resistance to parathion in Ps. maritimus.

Insecticide resistance has also been reported in Planococcus citri (Risso), Planococcus kraunhiae (Kuwana) and Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Green). Management strategies aimed at reducing or preventing resistance will help conserve existing products for ongoing use. The general strategy is to reduce selection pressure for resistance by optimum spray timing, spot application of insecticides, need based application of insecticides, accurate delivery of insecticides and rotation of products with active ingredients from different chemical groups and used in a planned programme. This is combined with management practices for the crop and shelter trees that aim to reduce mealybug numbers and improve insecticide coverage.


Insecticide Resistance Methyl Bromide Organophosphorus Insecticide Shelter Tree Planococcus Citri 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Venkatesan
    • 1
  • S. K. Jalali
    • 1
  • S. L. Ramya
    • 1
  • M. Prathibha
    • 1
  1. 1.National Bureau of Agricultural Insect ResourcesBangaloreIndia

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