Methods of Control



Mealybugs developed several different defense mechanisms. Mealybugs are noted for the production of dermal wax secretions. Adult mealybugs and the nymphal instars are covered with waxy coating making almost impossible to reach with insecticides applied on the mealybugs. A number of cultural controls are practiced and these vary greatly among regions. Now the mealybug management is based on chemical treatments, primarily with neonicotinoid insecticides like imidacloprid, thiamethoxam, clothionodon, etc. These are typically applied as a soil drench directed to the roots. The chemicals like buprofezin having insect growth regulator activity are used to reduce the mealybug population. Sometimes the naturally occurring parasitoids including encyrtitids and aphelinids and predators including coccinellds, lacewings, cecidomyiids and drosophilids play major role in the suppression of the mealybug. Since the mealybugs are the most invasive species, classical biological control has been frequently employed against them.


Natural Enemy Biological Control Program Classical Biological Control Systemic Insecticide Nymphal Instar 
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Copyright information

© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Indian Institute of Horticultural ResearchBangaloreIndia

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