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Mealybugs as Vectors

  • R. Selvarajan
  • V. Balasubramanian
  • B. Padmanaban
Chapter

Abstract

Mealybugs are well-known sap-sucking insects which transmit plant viruses. They are omnipresent, polyphagous, can cause more damage as pests and are less uncommon as virus vectors. The feeding behavior of these vectors has profound ecological and evolutionary implications for the viruses they transmit, as the acquisition and inoculation of viruses occurs during vector feeding. In most cases, there is an intimate relationship between the virus and its vector, and no transmissions occur without the insects feeding in a specific manner. This feeding behavior often causes considerable economic loss to agriculture through direct damage to crops and via virus transmission. They are considered pests as they feed on the plant juices of economically important crop plants, and also act as vectors for several plant viral diseases. The transmission of the plant virus species belonging to Caulimoviridae and Closteroviridae by different species of mealybugs is furnished in detail in this chapter.

Keywords

Grapevine Virus Acquisition Access Period Mealybug Species Banana Streak Virus Inoculation Access Period 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Selvarajan
    • 1
  • V. Balasubramanian
    • 1
  • B. Padmanaban
    • 2
  1. 1.National Research Centre for BananaTiruchirapalliIndia
  2. 2.ICAR-National Research Centre for BananaTiruchirappalliIndia

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