• M. Mani
  • C. Shivaraju


Mealybugs (Hemiptera, Sternorrhyncha, Coccoidea, Pseudococcidae and Putoidae) are small, soft-bodied plant sap-sucking insects. They are phloem feeders and suck the sap from all plant parts and also transmit some plant disease thus causing serious economic losses to economically important crop plants. Economic losses resulting from mealybug infestations have increased over a period of years. Most of the mealybug life stages are covered with waxy coating including eggs making us difficult to control with chemicals. Mealybugs mostly live in protected habitats. Chemical control is still the most common control tactic used against mealybug pests. On the other hand, mealybugs are having a very rich natural enemy complex. Biological control of mealybugs is widely recommended. The section I presents a generalized description of Morphology, Cytogenetics, Taxonomy, Molecular characterization, Biology, Damage, Ecology, Natural enemies, Ant association, Control measures, Insecticide Resistance, pheromones etc. The section II section deals with management practices of mealybugs in different crops.


Natural Enemy Insecticide Resistance Scale Insect Important Crop Plant Mealybug Species 
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Copyright information

© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Indian Institute of Horticultural ResearchBangaloreIndia

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