Agroforestry to Rehabilitate the Indian Coastal Saline Areas

Part of the Advances in Agroforestry book series (ADAG, volume 13)


About 35 % of Indians live within 100 km of the Indian coastline measuring 7517 km consisting of parts of the mainland India, Andaman-Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep Islands. The coastal and island ecosystems have a vide variability in climate and topographical and edaphic conditions. These support diverse cultivated crops as well as natural vegetation ranging from tropical rainforests to coastal mangroves. The area is environmentally disadvantaged both on anthropogenic activities and weather adversities. Paddy is the predominant crop except the plantation trees mainly in homesteads. The soil salinity and waterlogging problems arise with intrusion of seawater, and these are expected to become severe with rise in sea level due to global warming. However, these ecosystems offer immense scopes and opportunities of increasing productivity through integration of agroforestry with livestock and aquaculture particularly in mangrove areas. Some of the possible strategies for their reclamation and management through sustainable agroforestry systems are discussed. These systems should further improve the livelihood security of the coastal population.


Acid Sulphate Soil Moringa Oleifera Pongamia Pinnata Nypa Fruticans Prosopis Juliflora 


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© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Central Soil Salinity Research InstituteKarnalIndia
  2. 2.National Institute of Abiotic Stress ManagementBaramati, PuneIndia

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