Potential of Wastewater Disposal Through Tree Plantations

  • R. K. Yadav
  • P. S. Minhas
  • Khajanchi-Lal
  • J. C. Dagar
Part of the Advances in Agroforestry book series (ADAG, volume 13)


The adverse effects of irrigation with treated and untreated wastewater include health risks due to pathogens, salts, nutrients, and toxic elements that contaminate the food chain and the environment. However, the areas especially those afflicted by water scarcity can afford for recycling and reuse of wastewater in tree plantations as an effective and sustainable strategy. This is associated with high water, nutrient, and pollutant (metal) assimilation capacity of tree plantations. In woody species, wood, bark, and roots form important sinks for biologically available metals. Since these tissues are slow to enter the decomposition cycle, accumulated metals remain immobilized for considerably longer periods. Urban plantations and green areas along with nonedible crops like aromatic grasses and floriculture crops further offer many economic, social, recreational, and biodiversity conservation benefits. Nevertheless, as a caution, it is stated that the deep-rooted perennials have the ability, but are not guaranteed, to profligate wastewater disposal under all the soil and climatic conditions. Therefore, the regulatory mechanisms must be evoked to control loading rates for safe disposal of wastewater and protection of groundwater from being contaminated.


Green Area Eichhornia Crassipes Untreated Wastewater Azadirachta Indica Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket Reactor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. K. Yadav
    • 1
  • P. S. Minhas
    • 2
  • Khajanchi-Lal
    • 3
  • J. C. Dagar
    • 1
  1. 1.Central Soil Salinity Research InstituteKarnalIndia
  2. 2.National Institute of Abiotic Stress ManagementBaramati, PuneIndia
  3. 3.Water Technology Centre, Indian Agricultural Research InstituteNew DelhiIndia

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