Healing of Leg Ulcers

  • M. G. Vashist


An ulcer is defined as a break in the epithelial continuity. Most common chronic wounds in developed countries are leg ulcers [1]. All tissues in the body are capable of healing by one of two mechanisms: regeneration or repair. Regeneration is the perfect restoration of the preexisting tissue architecture in the absence of scar formation. It is replacement of damaged tissues by identical cells and is more limited than repair. In humans, complete regeneration occurs in a limited tissue compartments like bone and liver. The main healing mechanism is repair where damaged tissue is replaced by connective tissue which then forms a scar. Ulcer healing involves physiological changes by which the body replaces and restores function to damaged part.The healing process passes through different stages which are overlapping with each other. A brief haemostatic phase is followed by inflammatory phase which leads to fibroblastic activity with production of collagen and ground substance and new blood vessels.Finally epithelial cells migrate from the wound edges and reepithelisation takes place. This process of healing is influenced by a number of factors which may accelerate or delay the process of healing.


Granulation Tissue Ulcer Healing Fibroblastic Activity Inflammatory Phase Chronic Ulcer 
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Copyright information

© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Senior Professor Department of SurgeryPt B D Sharma Post Graduate Institute of Medical SciencesRohtakIndia

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