Documentation of Ulcer

  • Seema Khanna


The evaluation of an ulcer encompasses clinical assessment, documentation, diagnosis and follow up of the patient after the treatment is initiated. Documentation is of critical importance for record keeping, to communicate the severity of illness to patient and to analyse the effectiveness of the treatment.Various grading systems are used to describe an ulcer. The different tools used for ulcer documentation can be broadly classified into contact and non- contact methods.


Pressure Ulcer Wound Area Main Magnetic Field Noncontact Method Clinical Waste 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Spentzoris G, Labropoulos N. The evaluation of lower extremity ulcers. Semin Interv Radiol. 2009;26(4):286–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    NMC. Record keeping – guidance for nurses and midwives. London: Nursing and Midwifery Council; 2009.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gethin G. The importance of continuous wound monitoring. Wounds UK. 2006;2(2):60–7.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Papazoglou ES, Zubkov L, Neidrauer M, Rannou N, Weingarten MS. Image analysis of chronic wounds for determining surface area. Wound Repair Regen. 2010;18(4):349–58. Plassman P. Measuring wounds. J Wound Care. 1995;4(6):269–72.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Plassman P, Jones T. MAVIS: a non invasive instrument to measure area and volume of wound. Med Eng Phys. 1998;20(5):332–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Wagner FW. The dysvascular foot: a system for diagnosis and treatment. Foot Ankle Clin. 1981;2:64–122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Parisi MCR, Zantut-Wittman DE, Pavin EJ, Machado H, Nery M, Jeffcoate WJ. Comparison of three systems of classification in predicting the outcome of diabetic foot ulcers in a Brazilian population. Eur J Endocrinol. 2008;159:417–22.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Falagan M. Wound management: can it help us to monitor progression to healing? J Wound Care. 2003;12(5):189–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Rodgers LC, Bevilacqua NJ, Armstrong DC, Andros G. Digital planimetry results in more accurate wound measurements: a comparison to standard ruler measurements. J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2010;4(40):799–802.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Langeno DK, Melland H, et al. Comparison of two wound volume measurement methods. Adv Skin Wound Care. 2001;14(4):190–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Maytovitz HN, Soontupe LB. Wound areas by computerized planimetry of digital images: accuracy and reliability. Adv Skin Wound Care. 2009;22(5):222–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kundin JI. Designing and developing a new measurement tool. Perioper Nurs Q. 1985;1(4):40–5.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kundin JI. A new way to size up wounds. Am J Nurs. 1989;89(2):206–7.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Geogina G. The importance of continuous wound measuring. Wounds. 2006;2(2):60–7.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Harding KG. Methods for assessing change in ulcer status. Adv Wound Care. 1995;8(4):528–42.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Melhuish JM, Plassman P, Harding K. Circumference, area and volume of healing wound. J Wound Care. 1994;3(8):380–4.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Bulstrode CJ, Goode AW, et al. Stereophotogrammetry for measuring rates of cutaneous healing: a comparison with conventional techniques. Clin Sci. 1986;71:437–43.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Nelson GD. The photography of patients. Clinical photography in plastic surgery. 1 ed. ISBN 0-316-60315-5. Little Brown and Company, USA. 1988.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Johnson M, Miller R. Measuring healing in leg ulcer: practice considerations. Appl Nurs Res. 1996;9(4):204–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Krouskop TA, Baker R, et al. A non contact wound measurement system. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2002;39(3):337–46.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Norman S Williams, Christopher JK, Bulstrode, P Ronan O’ Connell Published by Hodder Arnold, an imprint of Hodder Education, an Hachette UK Company, 338 Euston Road, London NW1 3BH.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Gilman TH. Parameter for measurement of wound closure. Wounds. 1990;3:95–101.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of General SurgeryInstitute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia

Personalised recommendations