Proline Accumulation in Plants: Roles in Stress Tolerance and Plant Development

  • Mudasir Irfan Dar
  • Mohd Irfan Naikoo
  • Farha Rehman
  • Fauzia Naushin
  • Fareed Ahmad Khan


Proline accumulation occurs in a wide range of plant species in response to various kinds of environmental stresses. A large body of evidence suggests that a positive correlation occurs between proline accumulation and plant stress tolerance. In this chapter, we will discuss the metabolism of proline accumulation and its role in stress tolerance in plants. Existing literature indicates that despite acting as an osmolyte, proline also plays important roles during stress as a metal chelator and an antioxidative defence molecule. Moreover, when applied exogenously at low concentrations, proline enhanced stress tolerance in plants. However, some reports point out adverse effects of proline when applied at higher doses. Role of proline in seed germination, flowering and other developmental programmes is also presented in this chapter.


Reactive Oxygen Species Pollen Tube Salt Tolerance Exogenous Application Proline Accumulation 
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Copyright information

© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mudasir Irfan Dar
    • 1
  • Mohd Irfan Naikoo
    • 1
  • Farha Rehman
    • 2
  • Fauzia Naushin
    • 3
  • Fareed Ahmad Khan
    • 1
  1. 1.Environmental Botany Section, Department of BotanyAligarh Muslim UniversityAligarhIndia
  2. 2.Department of Botany, Faculty of ScienceMohammad Ali Jauhar UniversityRampurIndia
  3. 3.Department of BotanyWomen’s College, Aligarh Muslim UniversityAligarhIndia

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