Waste Remediation Integrating with Value Addition: Biorefinery Approach Towards Sustainable Bio-based Technologies

  • C. Nagendranatha Reddy
  • J. Annie Modestra
  • A. Naresh Kumar
  • S. Venkata Mohan


The perpetual increase in the environmental pollution and the diminution of fossil fuels are forcing mankind towards the usage of sustainable and eco-friendly technologies to build a green and global future. Similarly, increase in human population is eventually resulting in the discharge of huge quantities of waste that need serious attention. If the waste is managed aptly, the negatively valued waste would absolutely result in the generation of a definite value-added product. A multifaceted approach is needed to alleviate the energy crisis in an interdisciplinary way by integrating waste remediation towards bioenergy generation. Diverse forms of energy, viz. biohydrogen, bioelectricity, biodiesel and bioplastics could be produced by utilizing waste/wastewater as substrate by the catalytic action of bacteria. The inherent potential of the diverse bacteria present in wastewater can be effectively exploited for the generation of bioenergy along with the recovery of value-added products in a green and integrated approach. In this context, sustainable, green and eco-friendly technologies were described in this chapter to exploit the potential of waste/wastewater in the framework of biorefinery.


Microbial Fuel Cell Direct Electron Transfer Biohydrogen Production Dark Fermentation Microbial Electrolysis Cell 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors wish to thank the director of CSIR-IICT for the support and encouragement in carrying out this work. The authors greatly acknowledge financial support from the Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Government of India, in the form of National Bioscience Award 2012 (BT/HRD/NBA/34/01/2012(VI)) and CSIR in the form of XII network projects (CSC-0113, CSC-0116 and ESC-0108). CNR and JAM duly acknowledges CSIR for providing research fellowship.


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Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Nagendranatha Reddy
    • 1
  • J. Annie Modestra
    • 1
  • A. Naresh Kumar
    • 1
  • S. Venkata Mohan
    • 1
  1. 1.Bioengineering and Environmental Sciences (BEES)CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (CSIR-IICT)HyderabadIndia

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