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Investigating the Phylogeny of Hydrogen Metabolism by Comparative Genomics: Horizontal Gene Transfer

  • Sadhana Lal
  • Dhananjay V. Raje
  • Simrita Cheema
  • Atya Kapley
  • Hemant J. Purohit
  • Vipin Chandra Kalia

Abstract

The phylogenetic analysis based on molecular characteristics indicates that lithotrophic metabolism was followed by phototrophy. Hydrogen (H2) metabolism is a signature of such environments. This property is prominent among organisms found in geothermal conditions and in deep aquifers. H2 is generated readily by abiotic mechanisms where the terminal electron acceptor is likely to be the limiting factor. In the post-fossil fuel era, H2 has in fact emerged as a strong contender for future fuel. It is thus important to understand the molecular mechanisms which lead to H2 production and associated biological systems. These can help to comprehend issues such as sustainability, environmental emissions and energy security. Comparative genomic analysis reveals events of horizontal transfer of genes of H2 metabolism among taxonomically diverse organisms. This offers an opportunity to identify those genomes which can be tailored for transforming presently ‘non’-H2 producers into producers. This also suggests that naturally occurring events can be mimicked to provide future fuel H2.

Keywords

Horizontal Gene Transfer Horizontal Gene Transfer Event Desulfovibrio Desulfuricans Vertical Inheritance hydA Gene 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are thankful to Directors of CSIR-Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology, CSIR- National Environmental Engineering Research Institute and CSIR and CSIR project WUM (ESC0108) for providing the necessary funds, facilities and moral support.

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Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sadhana Lal
    • 1
  • Dhananjay V. Raje
    • 3
  • Simrita Cheema
    • 2
  • Atya Kapley
    • 3
  • Hemant J. Purohit
    • 4
  • Vipin Chandra Kalia
    • 2
  1. 1.CSIR-Institute of Genomics and Integrative BiologyDelhi University CampusDelhiIndia
  2. 2.Microbial Biotechnology and GenomicsCSIR-Institute of Genomics and Integrative BiologyDelhiIndia
  3. 3.Environmental Genomics DivisionCSIR-National Environmental Engineering Research InstituteNagpurIndia
  4. 4.Environmental Genomics DivisionCSIR-National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI)NagpurIndia

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