• P. Sivalingam
  • Rama Kant
  • Vijay Arora
  • Pravin Padmakumar Gore


Hemorrhoids are symptomatic dilated anal cushions. These cushions consist of thickened submucosa, sinusoids, elastic and connective tissue, and some smooth muscle fibers. The hemorrhoidal disease should be reserved for those anal cushions which are abnormal and symptomatic. The word “hemorrhoid” is derived from the Greek words, haem (blood) and rhoos (flowing), meaning flowing of blood. The word “pile” means pill or a ball. So we should call this disease piles when the patient complains of a swelling and hemorrhoids when the presenting symptom is bleeding.


Anal Canal Internal Anal Sphincter Internal Hemorrhoid Rubber Band Ligation Hemorrhoidal Disease 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Sivalingam
    • 1
    • 2
  • Rama Kant
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
    • 6
    • 7
  • Vijay Arora
    • 8
    • 9
  • Pravin Padmakumar Gore
    • 10
    • 11
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryMadurai Medical CollegeMaduraiIndia
  2. 2.Govt. Rajaji Hospital MaduraiMaduraiIndia
  3. 3.Career Institute of Medical Sciences (CIMS)BhopalIndia
  4. 4.SIPS Superspeciality InstituteLucknowIndia
  5. 5.Piles To Smiles ClinicLucknowIndia
  6. 6.Department of SurgeryCSM Medical UniversityLucknowIndia
  7. 7.Gandhi Memorial and Associated HospitalsLucknowIndia
  8. 8.Department of SurgeryGRIPMERNew DelhiIndia
  9. 9.Department of General and Laparoscopic SurgeryColorectal Clinic, Sir Ganga Ram HospitalNew DelhiIndia
  10. 10.Department of SurgeryBhatia HospitalTardeoIndia
  11. 11.Global HospitalParelIndia

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