Rectal prolapse is a lifestyle disability for patients and a challenge for surgeons to improve the quality of life in such patients. Complete rectal prolapse or procidentia is protrusion of the all the layers of the rectum outside the anus. It is also called full-thickness rectal prolapse. If rectal prolapse does not come out of the anus, it is called as occult or internal rectal prolapse or rectal intussusception. It should be distinguished from mucosal prolapse in which there is protrusion of only rectal or anal mucosa (Roig et al. 1998; Felt-Bersma and Cuesta 2001). Rectal prolapse occurs at extremes of ages (Wassef et al. 1986; Jacobs et al. 1997). In pediatric population, the condition is diagnosed by the age of 3 years with an equal sex distribution. In adults, peak incidence is after fifth decade of life. Women are more (80–90 %) commonly affected than men. But in Indian scenario, the majority are young male patients in contrast to western population where majority of the patients with complete prolapse are elderly females (Khanna et al. 1996).
KeywordsRectal Prolapse Anal Orifice Complete Rectal Prolapse Internal Rectal Prolapse Laparoscopic Rectopexy
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