Advertisement

Commercialisation of Microbial Biopesticides for the Management of Pests and Diseases

  • Shripad Kulkarni

Abstract

Negative effects of chemical pesticides on nature and natural resources like pollution, pesticide residue, pesticide resistance, etc., have forced many to shift focus onto more reliable, sustainable and environment-friendly agents of pest control, the biopesticides. The striking feature of biopesticides is environment friendliness and easy biodegradability, thereby resulting in lower pesticide residues and largely avoiding pollution problems associated with chemical pesticides. Further, the use of biopesticides as a component of integrated pest management (IPM) programmes can greatly decrease the use of conventional (chemical) pesticides. Biopesticides include microscopic organisms like virus, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, nematodes, antagonistic fungi and bacteria and macroscopic animals like insects (parasitoid predators), mites and plant extracts (botanicals). The modes of action of biopesticides involve competition, antagonism/inhibition, toxication, infection, infestation and predation. Many different types of formulations are available in the market, but it is better to ascertain their mode of action, quality and shelf life before they are commercialized. Understand their suitability under IPM/IDM programme, type and time of application really critical to achieve better results.

Keywords

Pseudomonas Fluorescens Entomopathogenic Fungus Soya Bean Coffee Berry Foliar Spray 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Bhattacharyya A, Samal AC, Kar S (2004) Entomophagous fungus in pest management. News Lett 5:12Google Scholar
  2. Chet I, Ordentlich A, Shapira Oppenheim A (1990) Mechanism of biocontrol of soil borne plant pathogens by rhizobacteria. Plant Soil 129:85–92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cook RJ (1985) Biological control of plant pathogens: theory to application. Phytopathology 75:25–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Haas D, Défago G (2005) Biological control of soil-borne pathogens by fluorescent pseudomonads. Nat Rev Microbiol 3:307–319CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Hajek A (2004) Natural enemies: an introduction to biological control. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Harman GE (2005) Overview of mechanisms and uses of Trichoderma spp. Phytopathology 96:190–194CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hasan S, Bhamra AK, Sil K, Rajak RC, Sandhu SS (2002) Spore production of Metarhizium anisopliae (ENT-12) by solid state fermentation. J Indian Bot Soc 8:85–88Google Scholar
  8. Ignoffo CM (1981) The fungus Nomuraea rileyi as a microbial insecticide: fungi. In: Burges HD (ed) Microbial control of pests and plant diseases. Academic Press, London, pp 513–538Google Scholar
  9. Li ZZ, Li CR, Huang B, Meizhen MZ (2001) Discovery and demonstration of the teleomorph of Beauveria bassiana (Bals.) Vuill., an important entomogenous fungus. Chin Sci Bull 46(9):751–753CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Mathew SO, Sandhu SS, Rajak RC (1998) Bioactivity of Nomuraea rileyi against Spilosoma obliqua: effect of dosage, temperature and relative humidity. J Indian Bot Soc 77:23–25Google Scholar
  11. Mendoza AR, Sikora RA, Kiewnick S (2007) Influence of Paecilomyces lilacinus strain 251 on the biological control of burrowing nematode Radopholus similis in banana. Nematropica 37:203–213Google Scholar
  12. Moore SR, Castillo JD, Lawrence KS (2008) NemOut for Meloidogyne arenaria management on peanuts. Plant Dis Manag Rep 2:N028Google Scholar
  13. Mukhopadhyay AN, Shresta SM, Mukherjee PK (1992) Biological seed treatments for control of soil-borne plant pathogens. FAO Plant Prot Bull 40:21–30Google Scholar
  14. Roy H, Vega F, Chandler D, Goettel M, Pell J, Wajnberg E (2010) The ecology of fungal entomopathogens. Springer, DordrechtCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Saleem B, Kandasamy U (2002) Antagonism of Bacillus species (strain BC121) towards Curvularia lunata. Curr Sci 82(12):1457–1463Google Scholar
  16. Schmutterer H (1990) Properties and potentials of natural pesticides from neem tree. Annu Rev Entomol 35:271–298CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Thakur R, Sandhu SS (2010) Distribution, occurrence and natural invertebrate hosts of indigenous entomopathogenic fungi of Central India. Indian J Microbiol 50(1):89–96PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Vega FE et al (2009) Fungal entomopathogens: new insights into their ecology. Fungal Ecol 2:149–159Google Scholar
  19. Verma M, Brar SK, Tyagi RD, Surampalli RY, Valero JR (2007) Antagonistic fungi, Trichoderma spp.: panoply of biological control. Biochem Eng J 37:1–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Plant PathologyInstitute of Organic Farming UASDharwadIndia

Personalised recommendations