Hamiltonian Systems

  • G. c. LayekEmail author


It is well known fact that Newton’s equation of deterministic motion correctly describes the motion of a particle or a system of particles in an inertial frame. In Newtonian set up there is no chance for unpredictable nature of motion. On the other hand, sometimes the particle may be restricted in its motion so that it is forced to follow a specified path or some forces may act on the particles to keep them on the surface.


Hamiltonian functionHamiltonian Function Phase portraitPhase Portrait Phase spacePhase Space freedomDegrees Routhian Function 
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Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of MathematicsThe University of BurdwanBardhamanIndia

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