Advertisement

Linear Systems

  • G. c. LayekEmail author
Chapter
  • 2.9k Downloads

Abstract

This chapter deals with linear systems of ordinary differential equations (ODEs), both homogeneous and nonhomogeneous equations. Linear systems are extremely useful for analyzing nonlinear systems. The main emphasis is given for finding solutions of linear systems with constant coefficients so that the solution methods could be extended to higher dimensional systems easily. The well-known methods such as eigenvalue–eigenvector method and the fundamental matrix method have been described in detail. The properties of fundamental matrix, the fundamental theorem, and important properties of exponential matrix function are given in this chapter. It is important to note that the set of all solutions of a linear system forms a vector space. The eigenvectors constitute the solution space of the linear system. The general solution procedure for linear systems using fundamental matrix, the concept of generalized eigenvector, solutions of multiple eigenvalues, both real and complex, are discussed.

Keywords

Exponential Matrix Function Fundamental Matrix Method Eigenvalue-eigenvector Method General Solution Procedure Nonhomogeneous Linear System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    Perko, L.: Differential Equations and Dynamical Systems, 3rd edn. Springer, New York (2001)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hirsch, M.W., Smale, S.: Differential Equations, Dynamical Systems and Linear Algebra. Academic Press, London (1974)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Robinson, R.C.: An Introduction to Dynamical Systems: Continuous and Discrete. American Mathematical Society (2012)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Jordan, D.W., Smith, P.: Non-linear Ordinary Differential Equations. Oxford University Press, Oxford (2007)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Friedberg, S.H., Insel, A.J., Spence, L.E.: Linear Algebra. Prentice Hall (2003)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hoffman, K., Kunze, R.: Linear Algebra. Prentice Hall (1971)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of MathematicsThe University of BurdwanBardhamanIndia

Personalised recommendations