Why is Poverty Declining so Slowly in India?

  • Ashok Kotwal
  • Arka Roy Chaudhuri
Part of the India Studies in Business and Economics book series (ISBE)


Despite an impressive growth record, India’s poverty performance over the last two decades leaves something to be desired. During the high growth period of 1990–2005, the headcount ratios at both $1.25 and $2 levels have been declining more slowly in India than the LDC average and even more slowly than Sub Saharan Africa (Lenagala and Ram 2010). The goal of this paper is to explore why this might be so.


Total Factor Productivity Skilled Worker Informal Sector Consumption Expenditure Unskilled Worker 
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We thank Anil Deolalikar, Bharat Ramaswami, Wilima Wadhwa and the participants of the IGIDR Silver Jubilee conference for helpful comments.


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  4. Lenagala C, Ram R (2010) Growth elasticity of poverty: estimates from new data. Int J Soc Econ 37(12):923–932CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada

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