Value of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services in South Asia and India: Past, Present and Future

  • Anil Markandya
Part of the India Studies in Business and Economics book series (ISBE)


South Asia (SASIA) is endowed with a number of biomes that contain valuable biodiversity and provide ecosystem services of special significance to poor rural communities. The paper looks at trends in mean species abundance adjusted estimates of land areas under different biomes: ice and tundra, grassland and steppe, scrubland and savannah and three types of forests: boreal, temperate and tropical. Changes in these areas from 1900 to 2000 are assessed and valued and projections are made to 2050. Finally the current values and future values of services provided by forests, grasslands, wetlands, mangroves and coral reefs are presented for India alone.


Ecosystem Service Coral Reef Tropical Forest Carbon Sequestration Carbon Stock 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



I would like to thank Aline Chiabai for joint work that has been used in the first part of this paper and to Muktukumara Mani and Elena Strukova  (Mani et al. 2012) for the work that is discussed in the second part. All errors and omissions are of course my own.


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Copyright information

© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of BathEnglandUK
  2. 2.Basque Centre for Climate ChangeBilbaoSpain

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