Optimising Gains from Emerging Energy Engagements

  • Girijesh Pant
Part of the India Studies in Business and Economics book series (ISBE)


The growing profile of India’s energy relations, outlined and analysed in the preceding chapters, reflects the energy security anxiety of the Indian state and its efforts to forge energy ties with leading energy players. However a closer scrutiny will reveal that most of these energy engagements have been defined in terms of secured supply that too of hydrocarbons, though chapters on India—US and Europe do spell out the growing nature of energy relations beyond oil and gas. Further most of these initiatives do not adequately reflect medium to long term concerns like diversifying energy mix, energy poverty, environmental consequences and research and development investment on energy technology. Certainly the issues do get reference in ongoing energy dialogues but not as part of a meta policy frame. In other words these relations are pegged to a fractured than integrated understanding of energy security captured in bilateral frame. It needs to be underlined here that unlike the seventies when energy security was bilateral project defined in terms of hydrocarbon particularly oil, today, it is global project with multidisciplinary concerns like availability, affordability and environment. Indian energy security policy thus has to factor and synergise all the three dimensions in the context of domestic drive to alleviate energy poverty and global commitment to restrict carbon emission. Its global energy engagement and relations with countries need to reflect these objectives in a defined framework. This obviously assumes conceptualisation of integrated energy security policy and its operationlisations in promoting energy relations with different countries to maximise the gains both in short and long term. This would demand framing of holistic domestic energy regime dovetailing with emerging global energy regime but safeguarding its freedom of action i.e. autonomy. In other words, India needs to conceive its global energy strategy as part of globalising interdependent energy transactions, as partner not mere consumer. Apparently the question could be raised as to how a energy deficit country could graduate? The answer is affirmative because global energy endowment and energy mix are increasingly being rediscovered by the innovation and energy technology revolution. India needs to peg for the partnership in the domain of energy technology revolution.


Global Energy Energy Security Gulf Country Energy Innovation European Patent System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Asian Age (2015) Clean energy, tech on Barack Obama agenda. 10 April. Accessed 13 Feb 2015
  2. Atkinson R et al (2009) Rising tigers, sleeping giant: Asian Nations set to dominate.
  3. blogactiv (2008) China, India and Russia should join IEA. Accessed 13 Feb 2015
  4. Clean Revolution (2013) President Obama’s inauguration speech: America must lead sustainable energy transition to maintain economic vitality, 22 January. Accessed 13 Feb 2015
  5. Clean Technologies Year Book (2014) ‘Enhancing EU-India Collaboration ’in Clean Technologies Year Book.
  6. Diaz Anadon LA, Bunn M, Narayanmurthy V (ed) (2014) Transforming U.S. Energy Innovation. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  7. (2014) Science and Technology Research Players in India. European Business and Technology Centre, 30 September.
  8. Greentechmedia (2014) What does ‘Winning’ the clean energy race even mean? Accessed 12 Feb 2015
  9. Hajjar DP, Moran GW, Siddiqi A, Anadon JE, Anadon LD, Narayanamurti V(2014). Prospects for policy advances in science and technology in the Gulf Arab states: the Role for international partnerships. Int J High Educ 3(3):45–57 Google Scholar
  10. IEA Energy Security Perspective (2012a) IEA, energy technology perspectives 2012: pathways to a clean energy system. Accessed 12 Feb 2015
  11. IEA (2012b) Understanding energy challenges in India: policies, players and issues. Accessed 12 Feb 2015
  12. Jenkins J, Mansur S (2010) ‘Bridging the clean energy: valley of death’ Breakthrough Institute. Breakthrough Institute and Information Technology and Innovation Foundation,, November 2010. Accessed 12 Feb 2015
  13. Levi M, Economy EC, Shannon K, O’Neil A (2010) Globalising the energy revolution how to really win the clean energy race. Foreign Affairs Nov/Dec 2010, pp 111–123Google Scholar
  14. Lozanova S (2014) China holds a ‘wide lead’ in the clean energy investment race. Accessed 12 Feb 2015
  15. Plachero M (2012) The changing geography of innovation: the Chineses and Indian regions and global flows of innovation. Lund University, LundGoogle Scholar
  16. The Pew Charitable Trust (2011) ‘Who’s winning the clean energy race: G-20 Investment Powering Forward, 2010 Edition. Http:// Accessed 12 Feb 2015
  17. Vickery RE (2015) India energy the struggle for power. Asia Program, Woodrow Wilson International Centre for Scholars. Washington. Accessed 12 Feb 2015
  18. White House (2015) Fact sheet: U.S. and India climate and clean energy cooperation. Accessed 12 Feb 2015

Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Energy Studies Programme, School of International StudiesJawaharlal Nehru UniversityNew DelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations