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Water Soluble Polymer-Based Nanocomposites Containing Cellulose Nanocrystals

  • Johnsy GeorgeEmail author
  • S. N. Sabapathi
  • Siddaramaiah
Chapter
Part of the Advanced Structured Materials book series (STRUCTMAT, volume 75)

Abstract

Among the eco-friendly polymers, water soluble polymers are increasingly gaining importance to industry and academia, as they are easy to process, low cost, easily available, and more environmentally friendly than any other polymers. Water soluble polymers are widely used as stabilizers, thickeners, drug delivery materials, protective colloids, dispersants, flocculants, materials for oil recovery, etc. However, replacing nondegradable and nonrenewable plastic materials with these water soluble polymers for several applications remains as a big challenge. Several water soluble polymers, like those derived from naturally occurring proteins, polysaccharides, etc., and those obtained from synthetic methods are not having sufficient properties to replace the existing non-degradable plastic materials for most of the applications. Incorporation of nanomaterials into polymer matrices enhances the mechanical properties like tensile strength, modulus, stiffness, and impact strength significantly. Also other physical properties like barrier, optical, thermal resistance, nonflammability, etc., can also be improved by the introduction of nanomaterials. It is believed that the advances in polymer nanocomposite field will revolutionize the design, development, and performance of water soluble polymer-based materials, which ultimately have negligible adverse impact on the environment. Nanotechnology could be able to play an important role in solving this problem with the development of water soluble nanocomposite materials, which holds the key to future advances in the field of eco-friendly packaging systems. Several nanomaterials have been investigated for reinforcing water soluble polymers; however, rod-shaped cellulose nanocrystals (CNs) having high aspect ratios are found to be a promising nanomaterial for these types of applications. This chapter deals with the development and characterization of water soluble polymer-based nanocomposites containing cellulose nanocrystals and their applications.

Keywords

Water soluble polymers Polymer nanocomposites Cellulose nanocrystals 

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Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Food Engineering and Packaging DivisionDefence Food Research LaboratoryMysoreIndia
  2. 2.Department of Polymer Science and TechnologySri Jayachamarajendra College of EngineeringMysoreIndia

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