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Metallic Nanocomposites: Bacterial-Based Ecologically Benign Biofabrication and Optimization Studies

  • Kannan Badri Narayanan
  • Anil K. SureshEmail author
  • Natarajan SakthivelEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Advanced Structured Materials book series (STRUCTMAT, volume 75)

Abstract

Metallic nanocomposites are gaining considerable attention and are widely being implemented in several biomedical and engineering applications due to their potent physicochemical properties. To ease wide application of nanoparticles, research is focused on novel and better synthesis strategies. This brief chapter details on the biofabrication of diverse forms of metallic nanoparticles using various bacterial systems, and the cellular impact, illustrated using suitable examples. Demonstration on the biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles using the cell-free extract of P. plecoglossicida is presented. This chapter will also describe the influence of various physicocultural parameters such as the growth medium, concentration of precursor salt; pH and temperature on the biotransformation, so as to attain desirable morphological and surface characteristics of nanoparticles. Overall, this chapter aims to discuss the recent progress in relation to bacterial-based biosynthesis so as to have a better understanding on their safe use for various biomedical and engineering applications.

Keywords

Bacteria Nanoparticles Silver Biosynthesis Physicocultural parameters 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India for financial support through funds for improvement of science and technology infrastructure in various universities and higher educational institutions (FIST) Programme coordinated by Prof. N. Sakthivel

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© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biotechnology, School of Life SciencesPondicherry UniversityKalapetIndia
  2. 2.School of Biotechnology, Graduate School of Biochemistry and Research Institute of Protein SensorYeungnam UniversityGyeongsanSouth Korea

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