Adverse Effect of Biomass Fuel Use on Pregnancy Outcome in Rural India

  • Poulomi Roy
  • Jayanti Ghosh
  • Rahuldeb Sarkar
Part of the India Studies in Business and Economics book series (ISBE)


The effect of biomass fuel (BMF) on low birth weight (LBW) is more profound in relatively wealthy population. The possible explanation of this is that in poorer families, the variability of cooking amount is wide and the families who utilize more BMF obviously cook more and in turn consume more calories, precluding adverse effects of BMF smoke on LBW. In wealthier families, however, cooking amount and duration is more homogenous, and the adverse effects of BMF get better reflected in this group.


Adverse Pregnancy Outcome Biomass Fuel Cooking Fuel National Family Health Survey Wealth Group 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Boy E, Bruce N, Delgado H (2002) Birth weight and exposure to kitchen wood smoke during pregnancy in rural Guatemala. Environ Health Perspect 110(1):109–114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Mavalankar DV, Trivedi CR, Gray RH (1991) Levels and risk factors for perinatal mortality in Ahmedabad, India. Bull World Health Organ 69(4):435–442Google Scholar
  3. Mishra V, Dai X, Smith KR, Mika L (2004) Maternal exposure to biomass smoke and reduced birth weight in Zimbabwe. Ann Epidemiol 14(10):740–747CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Pope DP, Mishra V, Thompson L, Siddiqui AR, Rehfuess EA, Weber M, Bruce NG (2010) Risk of low birth weight and stillbirth associated with indoor air pollution from solid fuel use in developing countries. Epidemiol Rev 32(1):70–81CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Siddiqui AR, Gold EB, Yang X, Lee K, Brown KH, Bhutta ZA (2008) Prenatal exposure to wood fuel smoke and low birth weight. Environ Health Perspect 116(4):543–549CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Smith KR (1987) Biofuels, air pollution and health: a global Review, New York, Plenum Publishing Co.Google Scholar
  7. Sram RJ, Binkova B, Dejmek J, Bobak M (2005) Ambient air pollution and pregnancy outcomes: a review of the literature. Environ Health Perspect 113:375–382CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Tielsch JM, Katz J, Thulasiraj RD, Coles CL, Sheeladevi S, Yanik EL, Rahmathullah L (2009) Exposure to indoor biomass fuel and tobacco smoke and risk of adverse reproductive outcomes, mortality, respiratory morbidity and growth among newborn infants in south India. Int J Epidemiol 38:1351–1363CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Wang X, Ding H, Ryan L, Xu X (1997) Association between air pollution and low birth weight: a community-based study. Environ Health Perspect 105:514–520Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EconomicsJadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia
  2. 2.Sushmita FoundationKolkataIndia
  3. 3.Medway Maritime HospitalGillinghamUK

Personalised recommendations