School Attendance and Employment of Youth in India: Convergence Across Caste and Religious Groups?
This chapter studies the employment and education of youth in India during a period of rapid economic growth. The chapter uses data from three successive rounds of the National Sample Survey (NSS) data on employment and unemployment, 55–66th, to study the social division in schooling and employment of young Indians (15–24 years old) during the period 1999–2009. Descriptive and econometric results show that the difference in schooling and employment across caste and religious groups has declined for males. There is an indication of convergence in the schooling among males. The difference, across caste and religious groups, in schooling and employment has declined for females as well. The difference in employment shows a slower sign of convergence across religions.
KeywordsReligious Group School Attendance Multinomial Logit Model Human Capital Investment National Sample Survey
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