An Analysis on the Impact of Employment Generation Policies on Rural Women in West Bengal, India

Part of the India Studies in Business and Economics book series (ISBE)


Based on a primary survey carried out in 2009, 24 Parganas (North), West Bengal, India, this chapter tries to evaluate the effects of various policy interventions on the employment status of the rural women and income level and different family expenditures of corresponding households. The study considers the impact of two different policies: Sawarnajayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojana (SGSY) and Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA). Applying propensity score matching, the study observes that SGSY participation had a positive significant impact on family food expenditure and employment status of rural women, whereas MGNREGA does not have any such impact. However, impact of these policies on household income and monthly savings and consumption expenditure shows that SGSY had positive but insignificant impact, but MGNREGA again did not register any such impact.


Propensity Score Propensity Score Match Consumption Expenditure Rural Woman Muslim Woman 



The author acknowledges the financial support provided by University Grants Commission, India for undertaking the primary household survey.


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Copyright information

© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EconomicsJadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia

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