Pediatric Dysphagia


The scope of pediatric dysphagia spans ages from birth to young adulthood. The functional concerns include sucking and swallowing in infancy; transition to semisolid purees; the acquisition and performance of mature, independent, eating behaviors that include biting, chewing, and drinking from cup and straw; and the progressive increase in efficiency of swallowing to support the increased calorie and hydration needs that are associated with growth [1]. This need for ongoing improvements in eating efficiency continues until the individual can sustain adult demands for nutrition and hydration. In addition, developmental competencies include sequences for increasing maturity in medications and saliva swallowing [2]. While the physiology of the oropharyngeal and esophageal phases of swallowing in children may differ somewhat from the adult, the concerns for timely initiation of the pharyngeal swallowing response, pharyngeal clearance, airway protection, and esophageal motility are similar.


Autism Spectrum Disorder Autism Spectrum Disorder Cerebral Palsy Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Oral Feeding 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Justine Joan Sheppard
    • 1
    • 2
  • Georgia A. Malandraki
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Biobehavioral Sciences, Program of Speech and Language PathologyTeachers College, Columbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Dysphagia Research Clinic, Edward D. Mysak Clinic for Communication DisordersTeachers College, Columbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.Department of Speech, Language and Hearing SciencesPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA
  4. 4.Department of Biobehavioral SciencesTeachers College, Columbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

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