Dysphagia or difficulty in swallowing can present either as food getting stuck or as coughing spells during swallowing. The diagnosis of dysphagia could be done by a physician, an otolaryngologist, a pulmonologist, and an intensive care specialist who has recently extubated a patient, or it could be a gastroenterologist or a neurologist or even an oncologist treating head-neck cancers. The consequences of dysphagia can range from malnutrition, dehydration, to persistent cough or aspiration pneumonia. Therefore, it is imperative to identify the cause of dysphagia and treat the patient. As with all medical conditions, the diagnosis of dysphagia starts with taking a thorough history, followed by examination and specific tests.


Eosinophilic Esophagitis Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis Oropharyngeal Dysphagia Diffuse Esophageal Spasm Laryngeal Penetration 
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© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ENTex-PD Hinduja Hospital and AJBM ENT HospitalMahim, MumbaiIndia

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