The Deformed Elbow

  • Benjamin Joseph


The elbow in the newborn may be flexed or extended, and the underlying pathology may involve the soft tissue or the bones. Minor degrees of flexion deformity may be seen in a host of conditions and seldom merit any intervention. The causes of the more severe degrees of deformity and limitation of motion are considered in this chapter.


Passive Motion Marfan Syndrome Minor Degree Fetal Movement Facial Dysmorphism 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Axt MW, Niethard FU, Doderlein L, et al. Principles of treatment of the upper extremity in arthrogryposis multiplex congenita type I. J Pediatr Orthop B. 1997;6:179–85.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bianchi E, Cordini S, Fiori P, et al. Antley-Bixler syndrome: description of two patients. Skeletal Radiol. 1991;20:339–43.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chen H, Chang CH, Misra RP, et al. Multiple pterygium syndrome. Am J Med Genet. 1980;7:91–102.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Drawbert JP, Stevens DB, Cadle RG, et al. Tarsal and carpal coalition and symphalangism of the Fuhrmann type. Report of a family. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1985;67:884–9.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Escobar V, Bixler D, Gleiser S, et al. Multiple pterygium syndrome. Am J Dis Child. 1978;132:609–11.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Ethans KD, Leahey JL. Congenital bilateral absence of the elbow flexors. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2001;80:759–61.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Gillin ME, Pryse-Davis J. Pterygium syndrome. J Med Genet. 1976;13:249–51.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Green L, Lesser D. A newborn with Beals syndrome. South Med J. 2006;99:617–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Jacobsen ST, Crawford AH. Humeroradial synostosis. J Pediatr Orthop. 1983;3:96–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Joseph B, Varghese RA. Congenital distal humeral dysplasia: a case report. Pediatr Radiol. 2003;33:7–10.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kakarala G, Kavarthapu V, Lahoti O. Distraction osteogenesis to improve limb function in congenital bilateral humeroradioulnar synostosis. Acta Orthop Belg. 2006;72:765–8.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Kantaputra PN, Mongkolchaisup S. Juberg-Hayward syndrome: a new case report and clinical delineation of the syndrome. Clin Dysmorphol. 1999;8:123–7.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Lambert LA. Congenital humeroradial synostosis with other synostotic anomalies. J Pediatr. 1947;31:573–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Marles SL, Reed M, Evans JA. Humeroradial synostosis, ulnar aplasia and oligodactyly, with contralateral amelia, in a child with prenatal cocaine exposure. Am J Med Genet A. 2003;116A:85–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. McIntyre JD, Benson MK. An aetiological classification for developmental synostoses at the elbow. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2002;11:313–9.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. McIntyre JD, Brooks A, Benson MK. Humeroradial synostosis and the multiple synostosis syndrome: case report. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2003;12:192–6.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Musa AA. Humeroulnar synostosis: case report. East Afr Med J. 2004;81:492.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Sauvegrain J, Maroteaux P. Omodysplasia. Am J Med Genet. 1992;44:242–3.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Tuncbilek E, Alanay Y. Congenital contractural arachnodactyly (Beals syndrome). Orphanet J Rare Dis. 2006;1:20.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Wallis CE, Shun-Shin M, Beighton PH. Autosomal dominant antecubital pterygium: syndromic status substantiated. Clin Genet. 1988;34:64–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Williams PF. Management of upper limb problems in arthrogryposis. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1985;(194):60–7.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Benjamin Joseph
    • 1
  1. 1.Aster MedcityKochiIndia

Personalised recommendations