The most common congenital deformity of the foot requiring early treatment is clubfoot – the inverted and plantarflexed foot. Though the diagnosis of clubfoot per se is straightforward and obvious, the underlying causes of the deformity are many (Fig. 5.1), and the prognosis and treatment of clubfeet of different etiologies may vary a great deal. It is for this reason that an attempt should be made to determine the underlying cause. On one end of the spectrum is the foot that is mildly inverted on account of intrauterine molding – the postural clubfoot that is completely amenable to nonoperative treatment. On the other end is the extremely rigid clubfoot associated with multiple congenital contractures or the syndromic clubfoot that may on occasion stubbornly defy the most radical treatment.
KeywordsSpina Bifida Uterine Fibroid Skeletal Dysplasia Idiopathic Clubfoot Quadriceps Contracture
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