Deformities of the tibia may be diagnosed on prenatal ultrasound scans (Begam et al. 2011), and it is important that the orthopedic surgeon is familiar with the spectrum of conditions that may manifest as a bowed tibia. While a prenatal diagnosis may be possible, in the majority of instances, a definitive diagnosis of the bowed tibia may only be possible once the child is born. Before examining the child, it is useful to list questions that need to be answered during the examination as the answers to these questions will help in establishing at least a working diagnosis, if not a definite diagnosis.
KeywordsOsteogenesis Imperfecta Body Proportion Reduction Defect Congenital Pseudarthrosis Fibular Hemimelia
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