The diagnoses of a painful hip in a child can range from straightforward conditions with a good prognosis to severe conditions with a poor prognosis, either for the future of the hip or the life of the patient. It is important to remember that hip pathology can manifest not just as hip pain but also as knee pain. Hence, any child complaining of pain in the hip or knee must have a thorough examination of the hip as outlined in this chapter. Several conditions that occur in younger children may also occur in adolescents; this chapter will only focus on the school-going age child.
KeywordsJuvenile Idiopathic Arthritis Septic Arthritis Osteoid Osteoma Slip Capital Femoral Epiphysis Skeletal Dysplasia
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