The deformed knee at birth indicates significant anatomic abnormalities. The deformity may be isolated or may be part of a more generalized syndrome. The questions that need to be answered to arrive at a diagnosis are listed below.
KeywordsKnee Flexion Hamstring Tendon Popliteal Fossa Viral Illness Flexion Deformity
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
- Banta JV, Hichols O. Sacral agenesis. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1969;51-A:693–703.Google Scholar
- Chiu SS, Furuya K, Arai T, et al. Congenital contracture of the quadriceps muscle. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1974;56-A:1054–8.Google Scholar
- Gammie WFP, Taylor JH, Urich H. Contracture of the vastus intermedius in children. A report of two cases. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1963;45-B:370–5.Google Scholar
- Gunn DR. Contracture of the quadriceps muscle. A discussion on the etiology and relationship to recurrent dislocation of the patella. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1964;46-B:492–7.Google Scholar
- Phillips WA, Cooperman DR, Lindquist TC, et al. Orthopaedic management of lumbosacral agenesis. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1982;64-A:1282–94.Google Scholar
- Renshaw TS. Sacral agenesis. A classification and review of twenty-three cases. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1978;60-A:373–83.Google Scholar
- Sarwark JF, MacEwen GD, Scott Jr CI. Amyoplasia (a common form of arthrogryposis). J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1990;72-A:465–9.Google Scholar
- Steel HH, Kohl EJ. Multiple congenital dislocations associated with other skeletal anomalies (Larsen’s syndrome) in three siblings. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1972;54-A:75–82.Google Scholar
- Williams PF. Quadriceps contracture. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1968;50-B:278–84.Google Scholar
- Yaniv M, Ezra E, Weintroug S, et al. Congenital absence (ankylosis) of the knee. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2004;86-B:590–2.Google Scholar
© Springer India 2015